【英文 English Grammar】DSE 必備英文連接詞 Connectives 用法

Mr. J English
Mr. J English 2021-7-8 1,293
Connectives 連接詞顧名思義就係用嚟連接字句,亦有承上啟下嘅作用,掌握 Connectives 用法可以令文章更有條理,一文睇哂 DSE 常用英文連接詞!
Connectives 連接詞顧名思義就係用嚟連接字句,亦有承上啟下嘅作用,掌握 Connectives 用法可以令文章更有條理。 最常用嘅英文連接詞不外乎都係 and,but 同埋 because,但 AfterSchool 今次就搵嚟 Mr. J 幫大家整合咗不同類型嘅英文連接詞!重唔快啲學哂佢哋,用更高階嘅 Connectives 令你嘅 DSE 英文作文通順易明啦!
Credit: Unsplash
Credit: Unsplash
 

不同用途的英文連接詞

1. 分段連接詞 (Connectives for Sectioning)

利用連接詞分段,可以令文章條理和結構更分明,Topic sentences 寫得好加好多分㗎!用作分段嘅英文連接詞有好多,唔使次次都用 firstly, secondly, thirdly 啦!
連接詞意思例句
To begin/ start with首先To begin with, the government should allocate more resources to the underprivileged in our society.
In the first place首先In the first place, the scheme aims at promoting gender equality.
First and foremost首要的First and foremost, we must acknowledge and embrace our own emotions.
Moving on另外Moving on, the imperiousness in adults is portrayed through the characters’ arrogant behaviours.
Second of all第二Second of all, peer influence is another crucial factor.
In the second place第二In the second place, we should pay special attention to the patients.
Finally最後Finally, Peter confessed his love to Mary.
Last but not least最後值得一提的Last but not least, the education system in Hong Kong must be reformed.
  

2. 時間連接詞 (Time Connectives)

時間連接詞可以指出事件嘅先後次序同發生嘅時間,令文章更具體。
連接詞意思例句
before在 … 之前I have to arrive at school before 8:00.
after在 … 之後They went for a walk after lunchtime.
since從 … 起I have been chubby since I was a baby.
until到 … 時I was up until four o’clock.
as soon as一 … 就 …  As soon as they arrive, I’ll call you.
while正當She is reading her book while waiting for the train.
Simultaneously/Concurrently 同時They say the same sentence simultaneously.
Meanwhile與此同時They are still buying groceries. Meanwhile, let’s grab a drink.
In due course適當的時候The book will be published in due course.
So far到目前爲止They have only sold 30 cupcakes so far.
Subsequently隨後Paul was seriously injured and subsequently fainted.
  

3. 因果連接詞 (Causal Connectives)

掌握因果 connectives 用法可以説明原因同行為目的,連接有因果關係嘅句子。
連接詞意思例句
as/ because/ since因爲She may need some help as she is just a child.
due to由於 … (n.)The delay was due to the heavy rain.
thus/ therefore因此They were unable to finish their assignment before the deadline and therefore had to ask for an extension.
so that所以He arrived early so that he could leave a good impression on his boss.
hence因此She failed her exam and hence she had to retake the course.
Consequently因此People become more aware of their health. Consequently, the demand for cigarettes decreases.
  

4. 條件連接詞 (Conditional Connectives)

利用條件連接詞可以表達符合 A 先可以得到 B 嘅意思。
連接詞意思例句
as long as只要 … I’ll let you join as long as you mind your words.
only if只有 …才The plan can be carried out smoothly only if we work well in a team.
unless除非 … You can’t succeed unless you work hard.
 
Credit: Unsplash
Credit: Unsplash
 

5. 對比及轉折連接詞 (Contrastive Connectives)

呢款 connectives 強調兩句句子嘅區別,突顯兩者相反嘅特質或事件嘅轉折。
連接詞意思例句
On the contrary反之I don't hate him at all. On the contrary, I quite like him.
By contrast相比之下Lily is fat. By contrast, Ben is very skinny.
Even though即使Even though he is really busy, he still manages to get good grades.
Although雖然Although the weather is nice, I don’t feel like going outdoors today.
nevertheless/ nonetheless/ however不過She feels tired, nevertheless, she still tries her best.
Yet然而He is very ugly and yet he has many girlfriends.
but不過She’s pretty but a bit boring.
Notwithstanding儘管Notwithstanding her countless experiences , she is still nervous.
Whereas然而Her computer is very advanced whereas mine is not.
 

6. 比較連接詞 (Comparative Connectives)

比較連接詞可以用嚟指出雙方一致嘅地方,或者突出其中一方嘅特別之處,令你嘅文章更有層次。
連接詞意思例句
Similarly/ Likewise同樣地The cost of food has decreased recently. Similarly, the cost of clothing has fallen as well.
equally平等地Everyone should be treated equally.
like像 … 一樣She looks like her mum.
In comparison with與 … 比較In comparison with her opponents, she is very outstanding.
 

7. 並列連接詞 (Correlative Conjunction)

並列連接詞連接兩件或以上地位相平, 詞性或句構相同嘅事物,令你嘅句子更簡潔易明白。
連接詞意思例句
andThere are boys and girls at the party.
or或者Coffee or tea?
Both … and … 和 … 都Both Mary and Sandy are my friends.
not only … but also不僅 ... 而且 Durian not only smells bad, but also tastes awful.
neither … nor既不是 … 也不是 … This cake is neither delicious nor good-looking.
either … or 不是 … 就是 … This pen belongs to either Mary or Peter.
as well as以及I like eating apples as well as oranges.
Whether...or不論 … 或 … Whether you succeed or not, I will stay beside you.
 

8. 舉例連接詞 (Connectives for Giving Examples)

用 connectives 標示具體例子,可以支持自己嘅論點,亦令你嘅文章更清晰,同時加強說服力
連接詞意思例句
To cite an example/ instance舉個例子To cite an example, amoeba is a type of unicellular organisms.
For example/ instance例如For instance, penguins are birds that can’t fly.
such asThings such as drugs and alcohol are harmful to our health.
like就如I like refreshing desserts like lemon sorbet and mango pudding.
namely也就是The bridge connects two places, namely, Lam Tin and Lohas Park.
 

9. 總結連接詞 (Connectives for Conclusion)

利用總結連接詞歸納全文嘅重點,可以令文章更整齊,架構清晰,好頭好尾吖嘛!除咗 lastly,仲有好多唔同嘅 connectives 可以用㗎!
連接詞意思例句
All in all總括來説All in all, the author remains skeptical about the feasibility of the policy.
On the whole整體而言On the whole, it is an excellent presentation.
To conclude以結束To conclude, I wish you all a bright future.
To sum up總而言之To sum up, we have learnt about photosynthesis and transpiration today.
In short總之In short, we had a good time last night.
 

10. 強調連接詞 (Emphasizing Connectives)

掌握呢款 connectives 用法可以突出一啲特定嘅觀點,鮮明地表達意見同立場,並加强說服力
連接詞意思例句
Apparently顯然地Apparently, it is going to rain soon.
Undeniably無可否認Undeniably, she is gorgeous.
Undoubtedly無疑地The implementation of this policy is undoubtedly the only solution.
 

11. 層遞連接詞 (Connectives for Progression)

層遞 connectives 嚟開啓新論點可以帶出文章脈絡的遞進,令文章更豐富。
連接詞意思例句
In addition另外In addition, the workers are extremely underpaid. 
Furthermore此外Furthermore, the demand for cigarettes has decreased recently.
Apart from...除了Apart from being very pretty, Joan is also very kind.
On top of that除此之外The house is in a great location. On top of that, it is even on sale!
To add on加上To add on, his weird facial expressions made him really suspicious.
 

12. 過渡連接詞 (Transitional Connectives)

呢款 connectives 帶有承上啓下嘅作用,加強文章嘅連貫性,都係幫你摘星嘅英文連接詞嚟㗎!
連接詞意思例句
In light of...鑒於In light of the unfavourable weather, the event will be cancelled.
with reference/ respect/ regard to...對於I am writing with regard to your application.
Regarding...關於Regarding the policy, citizens hold diverse opinions.
Speaking of...提到Speaking of public health, public education on hygiene is crucial.
 
Credit: Unsplash
Credit: Unsplash
 
Connectives 連接詞可以有效地令你嘅文章結構更清晰,除咗最普遍簡單嘅英文連接詞,不妨試下掌握以上 English connectives 用法,透過不同嘅英文連接詞提高寫作水平啦!
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Mr. J English

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