【Passive Voice】全部10種格式|DSE(附exercises+examples)

Mr. J English
Mr. J English 2024-2-16 8,569
Passive Voice 被動式係與 Active Voice主動式相反嘅文法,利用特色嘅「by」字句式令Object變成主體。AfterSchool為你帶嚟喺唔同Tenses下嘅用法例子+questions練習!
今次同大家分享下一個大家十分常用嘅Grammar Item - Passive Voice!
好多同學仔經常喺 DSE English Paper 2 同埋 DSE English Paper 3 Part B 嘅 L - Language 分入面遇到樽頸位,永遠都攞唔到上等嘅分數。要提高 Language 分數,好嘅 vocabulary 同  sentence structure 固之然重要,但如果連最 fundamental 嘅 grammar 都做唔好,再好嘅sentence 都幫唔到同學仔拉高 L - Language 分AfterSchool 幫你整合咗English Passive Voice 嘅唔同用法,想知自己掌唔掌握到 Passive Voice?快啲碌落去睇下自己係咪已經完全認清 Passive Voice 嘅唔同用法啦!
延伸閱讀:
喺學習零散嘅新知識之前,有冇諗過需要先建立一個系統性嘅學習模式?我係Mr.J,多年來透過DSE英文補習幫助學生輕鬆取得大學入場券。想知道我嘅教學理念同往績,即撳:英文補習名師 Mr.J | AfterSchool

什麼是 Passive Voice?

普遍同學都認識 Active Voice,亦即係大家成日聽到嘅 SVO (Subject - Verb - Object),Subject (主語)一定係句子嘅第一個字,Verb(動詞)就會緊貼主語,而 Object(賓語)通常會擺喺句子嘅最尾部份。
相反,Passive Voice 嘅次序就會同 Active Voice 完全相反,Active voice sentence 入面嘅 Object (賓語)就會變咗句子嘅第一個字,成為咗 Passive voice sentence 嘅 Subject;Verb(動詞)就會緊貼主語;而 Active voice sentence 嘅 Subject(主語)經過轉換之後通常會擺喺 Passive Voice 句子嘅最尾部份。同學仔要留意嘅係,喺某啲情況下,Passive Voice 嘅句子入面並唔會出現 Subject。

Active Voice and Passive Voice 簡單轉換

喺詳細講解 Passice Voice 嘅用法之前,我哋一齊嚟睇吓最簡單嘅轉換要求。

Active Voice Example

E.g. The chef prepares the meal.
Subject (主語)Verb(動詞)Object(賓語)
The Chefpreparesthe meal.
要將一句 Active Voice sentence 轉做 Passive Voice,同學仔必須做齊以下幾點
  • 將 Object 調到句子嘅第一個字
  • 將 Verb 變成被動式(be 動詞+ P.P.)
  • 將 Subject 調到句子嘅最後部分(要留意返某啲 Passive Voice 可能冇 Subject)
  • 通常會喺 Subject 前面加 “by”

Passive Voice Example

根據以上嘅基本要求,將句子轉換成 Passive Voice 之後,句子就會變成:
The meal is prepared by the chef.
將 Object 調到句子嘅第一個字將 Verb 變成被動式(be 動詞 + P.P.)Subject 前面加 “by”將 Subject 調到句子嘅最後部分
The mealis preparedbythe chef
想知道幾時先要用Passive Voice?繼續睇落去啦!
延伸閱讀:

幾時用 Passive Voice?

喺英文語法入面,我哋幾時可以用 passive voice,幾時唔用得 passive voice?立即睇吓下面幾種情況,認清幾時要用 passive voice,助你喺 DSE English Paper 入面攞更高嘅 Language 分!

1. 唔知執行者/執行者唔重要

The cake was eaten before the party even started.
句子強調嘅係蛋糕喺 Party 開始之前已經俾人食咗,但係唔知道係邊個(執行者)食咗件蛋糕
The package was delivered on time.
句子強調嘅係包裹已經準時送達,邊個執行者送包裹並唔重要

2. 需要強調動作嘅接受者/或者動作本身

The fire was extinguished quickly by the firefighters.
句子強調嘅係火災好快已經被熄滅,事情嘅本身先係句子嘅重點
Ten people were rescued in the warehouse fire this morning.
10個人喺倉庫嘅火災入面獲救,句子強調嘅係獲救嘅人數

3. 需要強調執行者

The speech was delivered by the president of the company.
公司嘅總裁/主席發表致辭,句子強調致辭係由主席(執行者)發表
The painting was created by the famous artist, Picasso.
幅畫係由著名畫家畢加索所創作,句子強調畫作係由畢卡索創作

4. 正式書信/文件,或需要較婉轉/客氣嘅態度

Your request has been forwarded to the appropriate department for review.
你嘅申請已轉交相關部門進行審查,喺正式書信入面使用 Passive voice 可以令到句子嘅態度比較客氣
Mistakes were made in the budget planning process.
預算規劃過程中出現咗錯誤,句子嘅重點係指出有錯誤嘅存在,但係並無意去責怪任何人

Passive Voice 用法(唔同 Tenses)

運用Passive Voice 嘅時候唔單止要轉換動詞嘅形式,重要考慮說話嘅時間點變換時態。雖然睇落去好複雜,但係其實唔難理解。AfterSchool 幫你喺下面整合咗唔同 Tenses 下嘅 Passive Voice 例子,等我哋一齊睇吓 passive voice 喺唔同時態中嘅形式,希望幫到大家!

Simple present tense

Subjectis/am/are (not)Past ParticipleBy
The experimentisperformedby her
The productsare notproducedby this company

Simple past tense

Subjectwas/were (not)Past ParticipleBy
A new productwaslaunchedby the company
The examsweregradedby the teacher

Present continuous tense

Subjectis/am/are (not)BeingPast ParticipleBy
A new softwareisbeingdevelopedby the company
The new productsarebeingpromotedby the company

Past continuous tense

Subjectwas/were (not)BeingPast ParticipleBy
A new marketing strategy wasbeingdevelopedby the marketing team
The new bridgewerebeingbuiltby the workers

Future tense (Simple)

Subjectwill (not)bePast ParticipleBy
The new productwillbetestedby the clients
The carwillberepairedby the mechanics

Future tense (Be going to)

Subjectis/am/are (not)going to bePast ParticipleBy
A new houseis going to bebuiltby them
New trees aregoing to beplantby them

Present perfect tense

Subjecthas/have (not)beenPast ParticipleBy
A new employeehasbeenhiredby the company
The projectshavebeencompletedby the students

Past perfect tense

Subjecthad (not)beenPast ParticipleBy
The broken chairhadbeenfixedby them
The househad notbeencleanedby them

Modal Verbs

Subjectmodal verb (not)bePast ParticipleBy
The packageshouldbedelieverdby tomorrow
The meetingmustbeattendedby all employees

Modal Perfect

Subjectmodal verb (not)have beenPast ParticipleBy
The reservationshouldhave beenconfirmedby the hotel
A cakeshouldhave beenmadeby chef
延伸閱讀:

Active-to-Passive Voice Exercises & Answer

Passive Voice Exercises

  1. The teacher graded the students' essays.
  2. The company will launch the new product next month.
  3. The chef cooked the meal for the guests.
  4. The police arrested the suspect in the robbery case.
  5. The company offered Sarah the job as a marketing manager.
  6. The company awarded John the Employee of the Year award.
  7. The doctor prescribed the patient a new medication.
  8. The committee selected the winning proposal.
  9. The board of directors approved the new budget proposal.
  10. The construction crew built the new bridge over the river.

Passive Voice Exercises - 答案

  1. The students' essays were graded by the teacher.
  2. The new product will be launched by the company next month.
  3. The meal was cooked by the chef for the guests.
  4. The suspect in the robbery case was arrested by the police.
  5. Sarah was offered the job as a marketing manager by the company.
  6. The Employee of the Year award was awarded to John by the company.
  7. A new medication was prescribed to the patient by the doctor.
  8. The winning proposal was selected by the committee.
  9. The new budget proposal was approved by the board of directors.
  10. The new bridge over the river was built by the construction crew.
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Mr. J English

Mr. J English

👔 DSE 輕鬆取 5** • 英文考試技巧專家 🌟 八年補習經驗 • 超過 3,000 名學生成績顯著提升 🗣 資深辯論教練 • 最強 Oral 及論證技巧 📚 6 科 38 分(舊制不設加乘)• 香港大學 BBA Law 雙學位畢業Mr.J English 於 DSE 勇奪英文 5**,考入香港大學工商管理學學士及法學士 HKU BBA Law 雙學位。憑著八年 DSE 英文教學經驗,打造出一套技巧實戰兼備;幫助同學穩奪 Lv 5+嘅教學方法 ! 成功逆轉超過 3,000 多名學生英文成續,獲無數同學家長一致好評 !